Exploration Services develops and uses several techniques to provide information about the subsurface, working to come up with less expensive, less invasive methods of providing images of the underground. This includes innovative methods of high resolution shallow seismic reflection. The section also provides drilling in support of water, petroleum, and basic subsurface research. An active program in the maintenance and rehabilitation of wells drilled by the Kansas Geological Survey is also part of this section.
This section also runs a program designed to monitor changes and identify regional trends in the High Plains, Dakota, and alluvial aquifers. The Water Well Project annually measures about 1,380 wells in 47 central and western Kansas counties.